New paper: The Influence of Threatened Miscarriage on Pregnancy Outcomes
Congratulations to Kazeem Arogundade and his colleagues on their new paper "The Influence of Threatened Miscarriage on Pregnancy Outcomes: A Retrospective Cohort Study in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital".
They found that a spontaneous abortion rate of 13.7% among the study group compared with 3.4% in the control (P-value [p] = 0.005, odds ratio [OR]: 4.475; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.445 - 13.827). Women with TM had higher odds for placenta previa (p = 0.049, OR: 4.77, 95% CI: 2.19 - 23.04), premature rupture of membranes (PROM) (p = 0.028, OR: 1.918, 95% CI: 1.419 - 2.592), postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) (p = 0.001, OR: 2.66, 95% CI: 20.8 - 8.94), and preterm birth (OR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.75 - 3.65). They were also more likely to undergo cesarean section (p = 0.020, OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.053 - 2.964). There was no statistically significant difference in their infants’ mean birth weight (3.113 ± 0.585kg for the TM group and 3.285± 0.536kg for the control, P=0.074). Other maternal and perinatal complications were similar. Admission for bed rest significantly improved fetal survival. Women who were not admitted for bed rest had higher odds of pregnancy loss (OR: 3.443, 95% CI: 1.701-7.99). Other treatment plans did not significantly contribute to a positive outcome.